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Government of New Hampshire

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The Constitution of New Hampshire is the guardian of the Government of New Hampshire as the government is structured and established by the State Constitution of New Hampshire. New Hampshire became the 9th state of US on June 21, 1788 [1]. The State Constitution of New Hampshire divides the powers of the government into three distinct branches— the legislative, the executive and the judicial.

Executive Branch of New Hampshire

The New Hampshire Executive Branch is a well functioning body of the state government. The Executive Branch includes the Governor, Executive Councilors and State Agencies. Several state government departments work under the executive branch for the smooth functioning of the government. The Governor of New Hampshire leads the executive branch of the government as the supreme executive head.

Governor

The Governor of New Hampshire is the supreme executive head. The Governor is chosen biennially and is elected to sealtwo year terms. The Governor is responsible for the faithful execution of the law. The Governor approves and rejects bills passed by both the houses of the general court. Other duties of the Governor include appointment of the attorney general, judicial officers and all officers of the navy, and general and field officers of the militia.

Contact Details
Office of the Governor
State House
107 North Main Street
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603)271-2121
Fax: (603)271-7640
Website: http://governor.nh.gov/

Attorney General

The Attorney General serves as the chief legal officer and chief law enforcement officer of the state. The Attorney General acts as the lawyer of the state in all civil and criminal cases in the Supreme Court. He is responsible for the general supervision of all criminal law enforcement in New Hampshire. Among the duties of the Attorney General is he does justice in all prosecutions, protects the State's environment and the rights of its consumers, provides the State with legal representation and counsel of the highest quality, and provides supervision and leadership of New Hampshire law enforcement.

Contact Details
Office of the Attorney General
33 Capitol Street
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603) 271-3658
Fax: (603) 271-2110
E-mail: attorneygeneral@doj.nh.gov
Website: http://doj.nh.gov/

Secretary of State

The Secretary of State performs dual duties as officer of both the legislative and executive branch. The Secretary of State is elected biannually.

Contact Details
Secretary of States
State House, Room 204
107 North Main Street
Concord, N.H. 03301
Phone: 603-271-3242
Fax: 603-271-6316
Email: elections@sos.state.nh.us
Website: http://sos.nh.gov/

Legislative Branch of New Hampshire

The Legislative Branch is also known as the General Court of New Hampshire and is composed of the senate and the House of Representatives, each of which shall have a negative on the other. With 400 Representatives and 24 Senators, the General Court of New Hampshire is the second largest legislature in the United States following the U.S. Congress.

New Hampshire Senate

The Senate is comprised of twenty-four members who are elected every two years. The Senate is presided over by Senatethe senate president who serves as acting governor whenever the governor is unable to perform his duties. The Senate is run by a leadership team comprising of the President, President Pro Tempore, Deputy President Pro Tempore, Majority Leader, Minority Leader and Finance Committee Chair. For candidate to be eligible to run for the Senate, he must be 30 years of age, reside in the district from which he or she is seeking election and have lived in New Hampshire for at least seven years immediately preceding the election.

Contact Details
New Hampshire Senate
Statehouse, Room 302
107 North Main Street
Concord, New Hampshire 03301
Phone: (603) 271-2111

Learn more about New Hampshire Senate

House of Representatives

The House of Representatives consists of 400 members thereby making it the largest state legislative body in the United States. The Speaker presides over the House. The duties of the Speaker include enforcing and interpreting, making committee appointments, the House parliamentary rules, and refer bills to the appropriate committee for review.

Learn more about New Hampshire House of Representatives

Judicial Branch of New Hampshire

The Judicial Branch of New Hampshire comprises of the Supreme Court and other courts. The Supreme Court is the highest and final court in the state. The Judges are nominated by the Governor and appointed by Governor and Council and serve until the age of 70.

Supreme Court

The New Hampshire Supreme Court is the court of highest appeal in the state. The Supreme Court composes of the Supreme CourtChief Justice and four associate justices. The duties of the Supreme Court include:

  • The Court has jurisdiction to review appeals from the State trial courts and from many State administrative agencies.
  • The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to issue writs of certiorari, habeas corpus, prohibition, and other writs.
  • The Supreme Court corrects errors in trial court proceedings, administers courts and interprets case law and statutes and the state and federal constitutions.
  • The Supreme Court hears the final appeals of decisions made in lower courts.

Read more about New Hampshire Supreme Court

Contact Details
New Hampshire Supreme Court
One Charles Doe Drive
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603) 271-2646

Superior Court

The Superior Court is at the county level. The Superior Court is a statewide court of general jurisdiction and provides jury trials in civil and criminal cases. Cases of general jurisdiction including serious crimes, lawsuits of more than $20,000 and cases involving real estate or divorce are heard in Superior Courts.

Read more about Superior Courts

Contact details
Superior Court Center
45 Chenell Drive, Suite 1
Concord, NH 03301-8541
Phone: (603) 271-2030

Circuit Court

The New Hampshire Circuit Court came into existence merging the District and Probate Courts and the Family Division into a single, streamlined system. There are 10 Circuit Courts one for each of the state's counties.

Read more about Circuit Court

Contact Details
Circuit Court Administrative Office
45 Chenell Drive, Suite 2
Concord, NH 03301-8541
Phone: (603) 271-6418

Drug and Mental Health Courts

These specialty courts combine community based treatment programs with strict court supervision and progressive incentives and sanctions. These specialty court programs are designed to promote compliance with treatment programs as an alternative to jail time.

Read more about Drug and Mental Health Courts

Read about New Hampshire Judicial Branch

New Hampshire State Taxation

The New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration administers the tax laws of the state. The department is responsible to collect the proper amount of taxes due and incur the least cost to the taxpayers.tax

  • New Hampshire Taxes
  • Business Enterprise Tax
  • Communication Services Tax
  • Business Profits Tax
  • Electricity Consumption Tax
  • Inheritance and Estate Tax
  • Gravel Tax
  • Interest & Dividends Tax
  • Local Property Tax
  • Medicaid Enhancement Tax
  • Meals and Rooms (Rentals) Tax
  • Nursing Facility Quality Assessment
  • Real Estate Transfer Tax
  • Timber Tax
  • State Education Property Tax
  • Tobacco Tax
  • Utility Property Tax

Read more about New Hampshire Taxation

Contact Details
New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration
Governor Hugh Gallen State Office Park
109 Pleasant Street (Medical & Surgical Building)
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603) 230-5000
Website: http://revenue.nh.gov/index.htm

New Hampshire State Departments


Various state departments work dedicatedly with the executive branch of the state government of New Hampshire to ensure better administration. These state departments render faithful services for the better functioning of the state. Some of the important state departments in New Hampshire are:

New Hampshire Department of Education

The New Hampshire Department of Education helps meet the educational needs of each student in the state. The educationmission of the department is to provide educational leadership and services promoting equal educational opportunities and quality practices and programs to enable the residents to become fully productive members of society. A wide variety of programs and services are offered by the department in support of New Hampshire's students, educators, teachers, administrators, and community members.

Contact Details
New Hampshire Department of Education
101 Pleasant Street
Concord, NH 03301-3860
Phone: (603) 271-3494
Fax: (603) 271-1953
E-mail: Lori.Temple@doe.nh.gov
Website: http://education.nh.gov/

New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services

The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for the health, safety and well being of the people of the state of New Hampshire. For the health benefits of the people the department administers services and programs such as mental health, substance abuse, developmental disability and public health. The mission of the department includes meeting the health needs of New Hampshire citizens, providing treatment and support services to those who have unique needs and to protect and care for the most vulnerable citizens of New Hampshire.

Contact Details
New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services
129 Pleasant Street, Concord, NH
Phone: (603) 271-9344
Fax: (603) 271-4810
Website: http://www.dhhs.state.nh.us/

New Hampshire Department of Transportation


The New Hampshire Department of Transportation provides safe and secure mobility and travel options for the Transportresidents of the state. The department aims at providing interstate and intrastate service to residents, visitors, and goods movement through transportation system and services that are well maintained, reliable and efficient. The department strives to achieve transportation excellence in New Hampshire. The department develops plans and programs relating to the system of highways, roads, bridges, railways and airways in New Hampshire.

Contact Details
New Hampshire Department of Transportation
John O. Morton Building
PO Box 483, 7 Hazen Drive
Concord, New Hampshire 03302-0483
Phone: (603) 271-3734
Fax: (603) 271-3914
Website: http://www.nh.gov/dot/

New Hampshire State Treasury

The New Hampshire State Treasury delivers professional financial management services to state government, the legislature, and the citizens of NH. The Treasury is responsible for financial management activities such as cash management, debt management, and unclaimed or abandoned property.

Contact Details
State of New Hampshire Treasury
25 Capitol Street, Room 121
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603) 271-2621
Fax: (603) 271-3922
Website: http://www.nh.gov/treasury/

Department of Labor

The Department of Labor is responsible to monitor employers, workers compensation, and insurance carriers to insure that they are in compliance with Labor laws of New Hampshire. The mission of the department is to monitor employers, workers compensation, and insurance carriers to insure that they are in compliance with New Hampshire Labor laws. The department works to serve and protect the interests and dignity of the New Hampshire workforce.

Contact Details
Department of Labor
State Office Park South
95 Pleasant Street
Concord, NH 03301
Phone: (603) 271-3176
Website: http://www.nh.gov/labor/

New Hampshire Department of Agriculture

The New Hampshire Department of Agriculture is responsible to promote agriculture and to serve farmers and consumers. The mission of the department is to assure safe and healthy food supplies, develop markets for the state's farmers and provide accurate information on prices and availability of farm commodities and crops.

Contact Details
New Hampshire Dept. of Agriculture
25 Capitol Street
Concord, NH, 03301
Phone: (603) 271-3551
Fax: (603) 271-1109
Website: http://agriculture.nh.gov/

New Hampshire State Office of Veterans Services

The New Hampshire State Office of Veterans Services is responsible to assist veterans who are residents of New Hampshire or their dependents in securing all benefits or preferences to which they are entitled under state or federal laws or regulations.

Contact Details
New Hampshire State Office of Veterans Services
275 Chestnut Street, Room 517
Manchester, NH 03101-2411
Phone: (603) 624-9230
Fax: (603) 624-9236
Website: http://www.nh.gov/nhveterans/




References:

  1. New Hampshire Statehood
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